Download Transcaucasian Boundaries (SOAS GRC Geopolitics) by John Wright; Ri PDF

By John Wright; Ri

Transcaucasian obstacles" offers the 1st insights into the geopolitical dynamics during this ethnically different and turbulent quarter of the previous Soviet Union. The interaction among the previous controlling powers of Iran, Turkey and Russia is tested, and the conflicts in Nagorno-Karabagh, Ossetia and Abkhazia are topic to specialist research. the jobs of Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia are thought of intimately, their relative weak spot having held again the transition in the direction of democratic free-market entities of pluralist composition. Questions of minority rights, territorial cost and the inviolability of nation borders are critical to an knowing of this a part of the area; those concerns are occur all too violently while mixed with the nationalist forces well-known all through Transcaucasia. All scholars of geopolitics and ethnic concerns will locate this quantity a priceless contribution to realizing the advanced geopolitical difficulties of a richly varied and interesting area.

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In Azerbaijan, the twin problems of Nagorno-Karabakh, as a compact alien geographical and administrative unit within the Azerbaijani state and of Nakhichevan as an Azerbaijani entity outside it, present major problems for government. These do not in themselves threaten the national legitimacy of the Azerbaijani state or its government, but they do render the government inherently unstable until the irredentist Armenian claims on both regions are somehow resolved. In this connection, the Iranian attempt to mediate a solution has some very interesting implications, particularly since an out-right Armenian annexation of Nagorno-Karabakh, at least, will set a very dangerous precedent for the region and will seriously threaten the principle of uti possidetis (see p.

22 NATIONALITIES AND BORDERS considerable repression and with less than successful results. 23 In any case, in reality, the historical record is only of marginal importance in establishing government legitimacy if such a national consensus eventually develops. It is not so much the accuracy of the historical myth that nations create to justify their claim to autonomous political existence that matters. It is rather that the myth should be cohesive and integrated into the generalized culture to which the national society as a whole subscribes.

More recently, there have been proposals based on the concept of active citizenship, which are supposed to counter these deficiencies, although it is difficult to see how this will be achieved. In any case, there is a basic ideological conflict within the idealized view of the nation-state between the concepts of the state as subservient to individual will and the state as expression of collective consensus, which reflects this 25. Akehurst (1987:54–5). 24 NATIONALITIES AND BORDERS dilemma. On the one hand, it is an instrument for the collective authentication and legitimacy of governmental monopoly of violence to preserve the structure of the state.

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