By Arash Khazeni
Tribes and Empire at the Margins of Nineteenth-Century Iran lines the historical past of the Bakhtiyari tribal confederacy of the Zagros Mountains via momentous occasions that observed the outlet in their territory to the surface international. because the Qajar dynasty sought to combine the peoples on its margins into the country, the British Empire made advertisement inroads into the as soon as inaccessible mountains at the frontier among Iran and Iraq. the space among the nation and the tribal margins of Iran was once narrowed via imperial tasks that integrated the collection of geographical and ethnographic details, the development of a highway throughout the mountains, and the exploration for oil, which culminated through the Iranian Constitutional Revolution.These glossy initiatives assimilated self reliant pastoral nomadic tribes at the peripheries of Qajar Iran right into a wider imperial territory and the realm economic climate. Tribal topics didn't stay passive amidst those alterations in surroundings and society, even if, and tasks of empire within the hinterlands of Iran have been continually mediated via encounters, lodging, and engagement with the tribes. not like the variety of literature at the city sessions and political middle in Qajar Iran, Arash Khazeni adopts a view from the Bakhtiyari tents at the periphery.Drawing upon Persian chronicles, tribal histories, and archival resources from London, Tehran, and Isfahan, this e-book opens new floor through drawing close nineteenth-century Iran from its aspect and putting the tribal outer edge on the center of a story approximately empire and assimilation within the sleek heart East.This ebook is the main specified and vibrant account of tribes in nineteenth-century Iran but to be written and sheds new mild on Iranian social and cultural historical past. -- Afshin Marashi, California kingdom collage at SacramentoArash Khazeni's publication fills an immense hole in our realizing of tribes and center-periphery relatives within the Qajar interval, putting the Bakhtiyari tribes' involvement within the Constitutional Revolution in the context of broader tendencies in Bakhtiyari politics and background. --Kamran Scot Aghaie, collage of Texas at Austin
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Additional resources for Tribes & Empire on the Margins of Nineteenth-Century Iran
If Aaly, the Patron and great Saint of the Persians, had liv’d in that time, he might have done Schach Abas a very great kindness, by opening that Rock at one blow with his Sword, and so made way for the River. 35 The area of the mountains where the work was begun in Safavid times has come to be known among the Bakhtiyari as the Kar Kunan or “workers,” after those who toiled to build the dam. The Safavid’s unsuccessful attempts to redirect the course of the Karun River toward Isfahan revealed the difficulties and natural obstacles confronting imperial ventures in the rugged Zagros Mountains.
Guarded by their inaccessible mountains, these rude races continue to be ruled by their own customs, and admit of hardly any interference on the part of the officers of government in their internal jurisdiction. 90 Writing in 1841 Louis Dubeaux observed the authorities’ “doubtful” control over the nomadic populations: Les tribus errantes ont une jurisprudence toute particulière. Chaque tribu a son chef, sous lequel se trouvent des Anciens, qui, pour l’ordinaire, appartiennent a la famille du chef de tribu.
According to the medieval geographer Ibn Hawqal, “Lur was a prosperous country with a mountain climate attached to the provinces of Khuzistsan and Jabal . . ”14 This view was later confirmed by al-Yaqut’s geographical dictionary, written in the Mongol period. 15 In Sharafnama-yi Tarikh-i Mufassal-i Kurdistan, Amir Sharaf Khan Bidlisi counts the Bakhtiyari as among the 400 Kurdish clans that migrated from Syria (bilad al-sham) to Jabal and Khuzistan around the beginning of the twelfth century, coming to be known as Lur-i Buzurg.