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1 along with experimental energies for the image and surface states. 36 ~. The parameters article by Fauster and Steinmann from the apparatus described and calculated spacing a along the (111) 11~, V~, and 13F are takens from a review [62] and the experimental later. 3. The n = 1 image state is similar to the hydrogenic with a node near the metal surface and a relatively small probability metal. used ~“~ are n = 1 state, density in the The n = 2 state also has a node near the metal surface, but is degenerate with the conduction band, hence it does not decay ‘exponentially the n = 1 state; the n = 2 wavefunction extends infinitely into the metal as into the metal.

Since is employed, the number of electrons which reach for a given laser pulse should be one or fewer. A general rule of thumb is that one electron count for every 10 or 20 laser shots yields a relatively accurate spectrum. The data acquisition artifacts and distortion system should maximize of the spectrum signal throughput due to limitations and minimize of the data acquisition scheme, especially any effects which could affect the linearity of the energy measurement or the amplitude of spectral features.

Of the apparatus results and interpretation (sample bias, is a description of the experiment, to ensure the reliability spec- of the as well of the results. are given in the following chapter. 1 The ultra-high of angle-resolved vacuum (UHV) two-photon The bell jar is constructed tion, is relatively chamber photoemission. grams of several key components A detailed description of type 501 stainless free of materials for electron spectroscopy. was built specifically can be found in the dissertation type 501 stainless has a magnetic which outgas, permeability ability closer to unity.

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