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By Robert Brush

"very little fabric of this sort was once released"

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Sample text

Autonomie Aversive Conditioning 45 cally, one might attempt to classify them in terms of their relative ease of conditioning. Such a classification would be particularly useful if the properties of behavior which lead to rapid or slow conditioning could be identified and manipulated experimentally. If, for example, responses which conditioned slowly lacked feedback, some artificial source of feedback could be added. Furthermore, criteria for classification other than the distinction between autonomie and skeletal responding might prove to be more successful in the long run.

On avoidance trials, the CS remained on for 1 min. In the contraction group, the rat avoided shock when the intestinal motility was above a certain criterion level, and received a series of pulsed shocks 1 sec apart when intestinal motility was below the criterion level. In the relaxation group, the reinforcement dependencies were reversed. On safe trials, no shocks were presented, and on blank trials no stimuli were presented. Successful opérant conditioning both of relaxation and of contraction was obtained to the CS.

Nevertheless, the measurement of some skeletal muscle activity in these experiments might be useful. Further research will obviously be needed on this issue since the data on the relationship of skeletal responding to autonomie responding lead to a conclusion that is different from the data on relations among autonomie responses. The former suggest that mediation occurs; the latter indicate that its occurrence is unlikely and that if it does occur, it is very 1. Autonomie Aversive Conditioning 43 complex.

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