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By Shaun Nichols, Joshua Knobe

Experimental philosophy is a brand new flow that seeks to come back the self-discipline of philosophy to a spotlight on questions about how humans truly imagine and think. Departing from a long-standing culture, experimental philosophers exit and behavior systematic experiments to arrive a greater figuring out of people's traditional intuitions approximately philosophically major questions. even if the circulate is barely many years outdated, it has already sparked an explosion of recent learn, tough a few adored assumptions in either philosophy and cognitive technology. the current quantity presents an creation to the foremost topics of labor in experimental philosophy, bringing jointly essentially the most influential articles within the box in addition to a suite of recent papers that discover the theoretical value of this new study.

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Experimental Philosophy

Experimental philosophy is a brand new move that seeks to come the self-discipline of philosophy to a spotlight on questions on how humans really imagine and consider. Departing from a long-standing culture, experimental philosophers exit and behavior systematic experiments to arrive a greater knowing of people's usual intuitions approximately philosophically major questions.

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The challenge we are about to raise is, we claim, a problem for IDR accounts no matter what goes on within the black box. B. The Normativity Problem Reflective equilibrium strategies and other Intuition-Driven Romantic strategies all yield as outputs claims that putatively have normative force. These outputs tell us how people ought to go about forming and revising their beliefs, which belief-forming strategies yield genuinely justified beliefs, which beliefs are warranted, which count as real knowledge rather than mere opinion, etc.

Thus, we will call this family of strategies Intuition-Driven Romanticism (or IDR). As we use the notion, an epistemic intuition is simply a spontaneous judgment about the epistemic properties of some specific case—a judgment for which the person making the judgment may be able to offer no plausible justification. To count as an 20 Cross-Cultural Differences in Intuitions Intuition-Driven Romantic strategy for discovering or testing epistemic norms, the following three conditions must be satisfied: (i) The strategy must take epistemic intuitions as data or input.

First, we wanted our intuition probes—the cases that we would ask subjects to judge—to be similar to cases that have actually been used in the recent literature in epistemology. Second, since the findings reported by Nisbett and his colleagues all focused on differences between East Asians (henceforth, EAs) and European Americans (henceforth, Ws, for 26 Cross-Cultural Differences in Intuitions “Westerners”), we decided that would be the obvious place to look first for differences in epistemic intuitions.

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