By Alexander Hars
Infonnation know-how may have an important impression within the publishing undefined. Many publishers and associations are experimenting with new methods of sharing wisdom. websites have gotten extra refined, electronic libraries and coHaboratories are being equipped. but it is stiH unc1ear, the place this trip of swap will take us. This publication units out to supply solutions through analyzing a good number of varied projects that target to create, proportion and distribute wisdom electronicaHy. The publication additionally fundarnentaHy rethinks the similar procedures and exhibits that infonnation expertise has the possibility of being even more 'revolu tionary' than simply accelerating demonstrated publishing and evaluate procedures. The ebook exhibits that deeply ingrained notions of books and artic1es must be re concept. sooner or later they are changed by means of dynamic networks of information along with a lot smaller devices than we're used to. The objective of this ebook is to supply tips to those that are constructing their very own wisdom infrastructures and information networks. The publication was once written whereas operating on the collage of Southern California and i'm indebted to my colleagues within the Infonnation and Operations deal with ment division of the Marshall university of industrial. The frrst principles for this subject started to take shape in the course of a PhD seminar I taught including Omar El Sawy. I completely loved the artistic setting and vigorous discussions with him.
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Extra info for From Publishing to Knowledge Networks: Reinventing Online Knowledge Infrastructures
The separation of evaluation and publishing decision - which is economically feasible on the internet - has the advantage that review can provide more specific information about a contribution than can be conveyed through an acceptance/rejection decision. It alIows to make additional distinctions among high quality papers. Furthermore, it allows accepting articles even if they are of interest only to a small subset of the audience. This approach is preferable over the current practice of significantly raising the bar for such articles (Whetten 1989, p 495).
On the internet, bandwidth - the capacity to transmit certain amounts of information per time interval - is a main cost block. The actual transmis sion typically does not lead to additional costs although internet access providers might adopt variable pricing schemes in the future. As a consequence the individual distribution of articles is more cost-effective than the distribution of whole issues (McKnight, Dillon & Shackle 1996, p 357). The transmission of issues has significant disadvantages in the case of variable pricing; even in the case of zero transmis sion costs the transmission of issues would unnecessarily increase bandwidth.
36 Characteristics of scientific knowledge infrastructures Because of both issues - the rapid maturing of technology and the absence of a known evolutionary mechanism, the current set of exemplars of knowledge infrastructures cannot be treated as representative of the set of alI such infrastructures. This significantly limits the inferences which can be drawn from a snapshot of current knowledge infrastructures. As a consequence, it is premature to empiricaIIy identify categories of knowledge infrastructures.