By Deborah J. Byrne
While you are within the process-beginning, heart, or end-of automating your catalog, you are going to welcome the wealth of knowledge during this concise, easy-to-use instruction manual. Created for librarians new to MARC and for these conversant in utilizing MARC facts, it explains all 3 sorts of MARC files, and it supplies issues and standards for MARC database processing, MARC items, and on-line structures. Byrne addresses MARC structure integration in a separate bankruptcy new to this version and punctiliously explains the hot and adjusted MARC codes that resulted from MARC layout integration. In one other new bankruptcy she covers the MARC layout for neighborhood details. All info has been up to date- together with that on MARC authority documents and holdings files.
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Extra info for MARC Manual: Understanding and Using MARC Records
Most citations for Web sites are not dated and should be considered current as of the time of printing. Official documentation for all USMARC formats is available from the Library of Congress. html Page xix Preface to the First Edition Why Marc Format? We have always relied upon library catalog records to gain access to the library's collection. The earliest catalogs were in book format, and it was hard to interfile records in such catalogs. Access could be provided by only one or a few access points, such as author or title.
1. , by author or title). Even if patrons were able to search successfully for an item, the brief description often did not provide enough information to allow patrons to judge whether the item would fulfill their needs or was the specific item for which they were searching. 2. , entries for joint authors or illustrators) were not necessary for circulation purposes, they were not included within the fixed-length circulation records. Thus, the records could not be searched by those access points, and important descriptive information was not available for patrons.
Rather than use a record structure in which the meaning of each specific character was defined by its position in the record, there needed to be some other way to identify the information in a library computer record. Explicit codes that could identify each piece of information within a record would allow the computer to "recognize" each element of information (for searching, display, or other purposes). , the call number contained in characters 1-20), then each record could be as long or as short as needed without the use of many meaningless blank characters.