Download Modernizing Minds in El Salvador: Education Reform and the by Héctor Lindo-Fuentes PDF

By Héctor Lindo-Fuentes

Within the Nineteen Sixties and Seventies, El Salvador’s reigning army regime instituted a sequence of reforms that sought to modernize the rustic and undermine ideological radicalism, the main formidable of which was once an schooling initiative. It was once multifaceted, yet its such a lot debatable part was once using televisions in study rooms. introduced in 1968 and lasting until eventually the eve of civil conflict within the overdue Seventies, the reform ended in scholars receiving guide via courses broadcast from the capital urban of San Salvador. The Salvadoran academics’ union adverse the content material and the strategy of the reform and introduced immense moves. the army regime spoke back with repressive violence, additional alienating educators and pushing a lot of them into guerrilla fronts.

In this considerate collaborative research, the authors research the strategies wherein schooling reform grew to become entwined in debates over theories of modernization and the politics of anticommunism. additional research examines how the circulation driven the rustic into the kind of brutal infighting that used to be occurring in the course of the 3rd international because the U.S. and U.S.S.R. struggled to impose their political philosophies on constructing international locations.

Show description

Read or Download Modernizing Minds in El Salvador: Education Reform and the Cold War, 1960–1980 PDF

Best central america books

Bad Sex

“I drink, I damage myself and the folks round me, after which I write. ” Brett is in significant the US, clear of her husband, whilst she starts off a love affair together with his good friend, Eduard. Tragedy and comedy are thoroughly joined on the hip during this loosely autobiographical publication approximately infidelity, ingesting, and the suspending of repercussions lower than the sunlight.

The Rough Guide to the Internet

This multi-million-selling web booklet continues to be the final word instruction manual for beginners and specialists alike. Written in undeniable English, it covers every little thing from getting on-line for the 1st time to newsfeeds, net telephony and complex advice and methods certain to flip informal surfers into internet specialists. This totally revised consultant covers all of the newest websites and crazes, together with Skype, running a blog, myspace and different social networks and on-line video.

The Artifacts of Tikal: Utilitarian Artifacts and Unworked Material: Tikal Report 27B

Occupied regularly for 1,500 years, Tikal used to be an important demographic, financial, administrative, and formality middle of its area. the gathering of fabrics recovered at Tikal is the biggest and such a lot diversified identified from the Lowlands. This e-book presents a huge physique of fundamental info. The artifacts, represented through such uncooked fabrics as chert and shell are categorised through style, quantity, situation, attainable old use, shape, fabric, measurement, and such secondary alterations as ornament and remodeling, in addition to through spatial distribution, incidence within the numerous kinds of constitution teams, restoration context, and date.

Extra info for Modernizing Minds in El Salvador: Education Reform and the Cold War, 1960–1980

Example text

The chapter opens with descriptions of the education reform as experienced by students and teachers in the classroom. It progresses forward Introduction 27 into the complex political context in which the education reform unfolded. As the government was introducing rapid changes in the educational system, the country went to war with Honduras in 1969 and the legislature started a divisive debate around land reform in 1970. These events set the stage for the second great conflict between teachers and the state, the 1971 strike.

The chapter describes the main elements of the reform and the manner in which it was implemented. It also analyzes the bubbling ferment among teachers. The growing opposition to the PCN regime by teachers culminated in a massive strike in 1968 that was triggered by conflicts over pensions and benefits. The government’s antagonistic response to the teachers opened a breach between the government and civil society that would broaden in the early 1970s. Chapter 5 picks up where chapter 4 leaves off, in 1971, and moves forward into the mid-1970s.

33 A Fight Within the Right 37 While liberals deemphasized the importance of access to education, they placed high priority on centralizing education administration. They established so-called normal schools to train teachers in a more systematic manner. They passed a comprehensive education law in 1885 that, among other things, created the position of secretary of public instruction, which eventually led to the establishment of the Ministry of Education. The national state steadily usurped the funding and administration of schools from local officials.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.88 of 5 – based on 23 votes