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By John Birkenmeier

The emperors of the Komnenian dynasty orchestrated the industrial and armed forces renewal of the Byzantine Empire. In 1081, Alexios I grew to become emperor of a bankrupt and decreased empire. In 1180, Manuel I governed the main robust kingdom within the jap Mediterranean, in a position to sending expeditions to Egypt, Hungary, Italy, and Palestine. This learn examines how the Komnenian emperors restored the Byzantine kingdom through construction a qualified military of mercenaries and Byzantine voters. It examines the armys ethnic composition, strategies, gear, and its monetary aid.

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Ton), where they had d " y: le arangtans were at DyrraehlOn, , . a eClSlVe role 111 the battle that ended Al·' , fi. campaign agamst Robert. i exlOS 1St Dyrrachion Anna's account of the b I f ' . with Homeric-style d att e 0 DyrrachlOn IS muddled and filled makes it clear that ~7ec, o:es about Alexios. Nevertheless, her account eXIOS strategy relied upon two conditions. First Venice would h< ' ave to control the Ad' . S troops would have to defeat the No natlc. ea. Seco~d, Alexios' . rma~ army after It had been weakened by an unsucces Cl' sm Wl11ter SIege of D 1.

This was a thinly disguised invitation for the pope to send bands of crusaders at precisely the time that Manuel was planning the destruction of the Seljuk state. 56 The emperor spent ~~st of 1175 fortifying Soublaion and organizing diversionary expedlt~ons t~ Amaseia and Neokaisareia. e emperor suffered at Myriokephalon in 1176 were limIted to the mternational perception of imperial weakness. He retained control of the fortress of Dorylaion, nght. on ~he SelJuk border, although his truce with Kilij Arslan reqUIred ItS.

LlIg lis. ~~~ w~stern European horscs. The ~l1n of armament was "Byzantine" A . lch presupposes that another else description of Byzantine cavah' an~na oes not gwc us a correspondingly prelime I, pagc 90 and Volume n p~ . 2;ment, but she describes kataplzmktoi in VolIII Alexirule, I 151'52 ' age . Ilj . ' • " Alexwde, I, 158--59, 211 illexiade, 1, 149. THE CAMPAIGNS OF ALEXIOS I KOMNENOS (lOBI-IUS) 63 The importance of Dyrrachion needs some explanation. Dyrrachion was the most important Norman base for further operations against Alcxios, Robert began his campaign by taking Kerkyra, but the seizure of Dyrrachion would provide the shortest crossing of the Adriatic for men and supplies.

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