By Timothy C. Brown
The Contra struggle and the Iran-Contra affair that shook the Reagan presidency have been middle degree at the U.S. political scene for almost a decade. in line with so much observers, the most Contra military, or the Fuerza Democrática Nicaragüense (FDN), was once a mercenary strength employed via the CIA to oppose the Sandinista socialist revolution.The genuine Contra conflict demonstrates that during fact the majority of the FDN’s warring parties have been peasants who had the entire aid of a mass well known move which includes the cruel, autonomous population of Nicaragua’s primary highlands. The circulate used to be simply the latest example of this peasantry’s one-thousand-year historical past of resistance to these they observed as would-be conquerors.The actual Contra conflict struck root in 1979, even earlier than the Sandinistas took energy and, through the subsequent years, grew rapidly as a response either to progressive expropriations of small farms and to the actual abuse of all who resisted. basically in 1982 did a suggestion of yank hands convince those highlanders to forge an alliance with former Guardia anti-Sandinista exiles--those the skin international known as Contras.Relying on unique files, interviews with veterans, and different fundamental assets, Brown contradicts traditional knowledge in regards to the Contras, debunking so much of what has been written in regards to the movement’s leaders, origins, goals, and international support.
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Additional info for The Real Contra War: Highlander Peasant Resistance in Nicaragua
Ar6uz was not so restrained and was reprimanded several times for misconduct but would not stop behaving unacceptably. His final infraction occurred only a few weeks after he joined the group, when he raped a schoolteacher. ~~ Rub& commented that during this early period, when possible, the Milpistas preferred to avoid combat and even tried to avoid inflicting unnecessary casualties on the Sandinistas. This was difficult during skirmishes, but possible in casual contacts. In June 1980, his group captured two State Security soldiers near the settlement of Agua Fresca.
6 By July 1961,he had been recruited by a Conservative 22 THE REAL CONTRA WAR rebel leader, Cristobal Guido, to join another group then leaving Nicaragua to receive professional guerrilla warfare training. 7 Once in Cuba, Castro's irregular warfare experts trained and equipped El Danto's group in preparation for their retum to Nicaragua as guerrillas. El Danto also visited other countries that were supporting attempts to overthrow the Somoza From 1961 until his death in 1979, El Danto was an active antiSomoza guerrilla, eventually advancing to become one of the Sandinista Front's national directors and a senior field commander.
These places are in the heart of Nicaragua's highlands (see map 2), and are primarily populated by peasants. One of these guerrilla groups was led by "Ger6nimo,"lo a peasant from a comarca in Jinotega near Santa Maria de Pantasma just east of Las Praderas. 12 THE lMnPAS WAR, 1979-1982 Map 2. The earliest MILPAS operating areas in 1979, from El Chipote south through Quilali to Las Praderas. 13 Pryor's half-brother C d i z was with one of the teams and told the following story. l5The Sandinistas were creating 16 THE REAL CONTRA WAR the cooperative out of ten smaUFncas (farms)that they had seized and were turning it into what the campesinos called an "aldea armada," or armed hamlet.